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Close-Grip Front Lat Pull-Down 101 Video Tutorial

Gym Main Variation Strength


Close-Grip Front Lat Pull-Down
Close-Grip Front Lat Pull-Down

Exercise Synopsis

Target Muscle Group


Secondary Targets



Force Type

Pull (Bilateral)

Required Equipment

Cable Machine

Fitness Level












The Close-Grip Front Lat Pull-Down is a compound exercise designed to primarily target the latissimus dorsi muscles, commonly known as the lats, while also engaging secondary muscle groups such as the abs, biceps, shoulders, and upper back. This exercise requires the use of a cable machine for its execution. By adopting a close-grip position on the lat pulldown bar, individuals can emphasize the engagement of the lats, promoting muscle development and strength in the upper back region. Simultaneously, the exercise involves the recruitment of the biceps and shoulders, contributing to overall upper body development. The engagement of the abdominal muscles as secondary targets adds a stabilizing element to the movement, promoting core strength. The Close-Grip Front Lat Pull-Down proves to be a versatile exercise, offering a comprehensive workout for multiple muscle groups within the upper body.

How to Perform

  1. Connect a cable machine with a close-grip handle and sit comfortably in the seat provided.

  2. Hold the handle with a pronated grip, ensuring your hands are shoulder-width apart.

  3. Begin the exercise by retracting your shoulder blades and simultaneously flexing your elbows, extending your shoulders.

  4. Pull the handle towards your body until your elbows align with your torso, emphasizing engagement in the lats and upper back muscles.

  5. Lower the handle back to the starting position in a controlled manner, utilizing the resistance from the cable.

  6. Execute the desired number of repetitions, maintaining proper form and focusing on the targeted muscle groups.

  7. Enhance the effectiveness of this exercise by recognizing its secondary targets, including the abs, biceps, and shoulders, contributing to a well-rounded upper body workout.

  8. The cable machine adds a versatile element to the routine, providing consistent resistance throughout the entire range of motion and promoting overall muscle development.


  1. Maintain abdominal tension throughout the exercise to prevent excessive arching of the spine while pulling the cable handle towards your body.

  2. Prioritize control over momentum, ensuring a deliberate and controlled movement throughout each repetition, thereby maximizing the effectiveness of the workout.

  3. If you sense overuse of the biceps and insufficient activation of the back muscles, consider adopting a false grip, excluding the thumb from wrapping around the cable handle.

  4. Prevent the head from protruding forward during the pull, promoting proper neck alignment and minimizing unnecessary strain.

  5. Focus on the movement of the shoulder blade along the rib cage; avoid locking it down and emphasize the engagement of the glenohumeral joint for a more comprehensive muscle activation.

  6. Allow a slight internal rotation of the shoulder and a subtle shrug at the top of the movement, ensuring a complete range of motion. Remember to reverse this motion by depressing the shoulder blade before initiating the next pull with the arm.

  7. To optimize lat engagement, visualize squeezing your shoulder blades together at the peak of the movement, emphasizing the contraction in the targeted muscle group.

How Not to Perform

  1. Avoid Arching the Lower Back: To prevent unnecessary strain on the lower back, refrain from arching excessively during the pull. Maintain a neutral spine to ensure the focus remains on the targeted muscles and to reduce the risk of injury.

  2. Steer Clear of Using Momentum: Resist the temptation to rely on momentum to execute the movement. Ensure controlled and deliberate actions throughout the entire range of motion, preventing wasted energy and maximizing the engagement of the lats, abs, biceps, shoulders, and upper back.

  3. Do Not Overuse the Biceps: Refrain from allowing the biceps to dominate the movement. If you sense an overemphasis on your biceps, avoid gripping the handle too tightly and focus on engaging the lats to ensure they bear the brunt of the workload.

  4. Avoid Protruding the Head Forward: Keep your head aligned with your spine throughout the exercise. Avoid jutting your head forward, as this can lead to unnecessary neck strain. Maintain a neutral neck position to optimize muscle engagement in the target areas.

  5. Prevent Static Shoulder Blades: Ensure proper movement of the shoulder blades along the rib cage. Avoid locking them down; instead, emphasize their dynamic involvement in the movement to activate the upper back and shoulders effectively.

  6. Refrain from Skipping Full Range of Motion: Resist the urge to cut short the range of motion. Allow the cable handle to be pulled fully towards your body, and avoid incomplete reps, as this may limit the effectiveness of the exercise and compromise muscle development.

  7. Avoid Excessive Internal Rotation at the Top: While allowing a slight internal rotation at the top is beneficial, avoid exaggerating this movement. Excessive internal rotation and shoulder shrugging can lead to unnecessary stress on the shoulder joint. Keep the motion controlled and within a safe range.

  8. Do Not Neglect Proper Breathing: Neglecting proper breathing can impact both performance and safety. Avoid holding your breath during the exercise; instead, exhale during the pulling phase and inhale during the controlled return, promoting better oxygen flow and energy distribution.

  9. Skip Rapid Weight Increases: Avoid overly ambitious weight increments, as this can compromise form and increase the risk of injury. Gradually progress in resistance, ensuring your muscles adapt safely to the workload while maintaining optimal technique.

  10. Refrain from Rushing Repetitions: To prevent injuries and ensure effective muscle engagement, resist the urge to rush through repetitions. Focus on the quality of each movement, emphasizing muscle contraction and control, rather than sheer quantity.


Variations of fitness exercises refer to different ways of performing a specific exercise or movement to target various muscle groups, intensities, or goals. These variations aim to challenge the body differently, prevent plateaus, and cater to individuals with varying fitness levels.


Alternative exercises in fitness refer to different movements or activities that target similar muscle groups or serve the same training purpose as the primary exercise. These alternative exercises can be used as substitutes when the original exercise is unavailable or challenging to perform due to various reasons such as equipment limitations, injuries, or personal preferences.


Cable Machine






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